Tag Archives: Mind

IBM to announce low-cost, more-powerful cloud-based Watson

] IBM Watson (credit: IBM) On Thursday, IBM will announce that Watson will be available to companies, academics and individual software developers as a cloud product that is “more than twice as powerful via the Internet … and at a small fraction of the previous cost,” The New York Times revealed Wednesday. In October,  IBM announced that “organizations gaining competitive […]

Data-mining our dreams

Using computer analysis to decode the meaning of dreams The Dream, 1910 (credit: Henri Rousseau/Museum of Modern Art) Many people assume that this quest to interpret dreams has failed. This conclusion is premature, Kelly Bulkeley, former president of the International Association for the Study of Dreams and author of Dreaming in the World’s Religions: A Comparative History,” writes […]

The Human Brain Project has officially begun

Scientists from the 135 partner institutions meeting in Switzerland this week Simulated neuronal network showing 3D shapes of individual cells (reconstructed from lab data). Blue cells are silent, red cells are firing. (Credit: EPFL/Blue Brain Project) On Monday, October 7, 2013, scientists from the 135 partner institutions of the Human Brain Project — “the world’s most ambitious […]

Chips that mimic the brain in real time

Photograph and layout of a multi-neuron chip comprising an array of analog/digital silicon neurons and synapse circuits, that can reproduce biophysically realistic neural response properties and dynamics in real-time. The chip was produced using a standard 0.35μm CMOS technology and it occupies an area of 10 square mm. It has 128 neuron circuits and 5120 […]

Multitasking neurons found essential to the brain’s computational power

(Credit: iStockphoto) There are many neurons, especially in brain regions that perform sophisticated functions such as thinking and planning, that react in different ways to a wide variety of things. MIT neuroscientist Earl Miller first noticed these unusual activity patterns about 20 years ago, while recording the electrical activity of neurons in animals that were trained to perform […]

Thought experiment: build a supercomputer replica of the human brain

Neocortical column in Henry Markram’s Blue Brain project (Credit: Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne) Henry Markram’s Human Brain Project (HBP), backed by 1 billion euros ($1.3 billion) funding Jan. 2013 from the European Commission, plans to integrate findings from the Allen Brain Atlas, the National Institutes of Health-funded Human Connectome Project, and the Brain (“Brain […]

The man behind the Google brain: Andrew Ng and the quest for the new AI

Artificial intelligence (credit: Alejandro Zorrilal Cruz/Wikimedia Commons) There’s a theory that human intelligence stems from a single algorithm. The idea arises from experiments suggesting that the portion of your brain dedicated to processing sound from your ears could also handle sight for your eyes. This is possible only while your brain is in the earliest stages […]

The Brain Supremacy: Notes from the Frontiers of Neuroscience

Author: Kathleen Taylor Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA (10/25/2012) Advances in physics, chemistry and other natural sciences have given us extraordinary control over our world. But today the balance of power in the sciences is changing, as research on the brain and mind has produced important breakthroughs in our understanding of ourselves and of our environment. As […]

Organic transistors for brain mapping

This electrocorticography (ECoG) sensor array with transistors can now obtain direct, high-quality amplification and brain-signal recording (credit: Department of Bioelectronics, Ecole des Mines) To improve brain mapping, a group of French scientists have produced the world’s first biocompatible microscopic organic transistors that can amplify and record signals directly from the surface of the brain, building on prototypes […]

Creating a transparent brain

BRAIN initiative just got a powerful new mapping tool Three-dimensional view of stained hippocampus showing fluorescent-expressing neurons (green), connecting interneurons (red) and supporting glia (blue) (credit: Deisseroth lab) Combining neuroscience and chemical engineering, researchers at Stanford University have developed a process that renders a mouse brain transparent. The postmortem brain remains whole — not sliced or sectioned in any […]